Natural medicine in bottles with ferns and chamomile flowers on a bowl

Ferns are a diverse group of plants that have been around for over 360 million years. They are known for their delicate fronds and unique reproductive structures, but did you know that some ferns are also edible and have medicinal properties?

In this blog, we will explore the edibility and medicinal uses of ferns.

Edible Ferns

While not all ferns are edible, there are a few species that are commonly used as food. Here are some examples of edible ferns:

  • Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum): This fern is widely distributed throughout the world and is considered a delicacy in many cultures. The young, unfurled fronds are usually collected in the spring and can be eaten raw or cooked. However, it is important to note that bracken fern contains high levels of a substance called ptaquiloside, which can cause serious health problems if ingested in large amounts.
  • Ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): The young, unfurled fronds of the ostrich fern, also known as fiddleheads, are a popular springtime treat in North America. They have a slightly nutty flavour and can be boiled, steamed, or stir-fried.
  • Spleenwort (Asplenium species): Some species of spleenwort, a type of fern found in the temperate and tropical regions of the world, are edible. The young fronds can be eaten raw or cooked and are said to have a slightly sweet, nutty flavour.

It is important to note that not all ferns are edible, and some can be toxic if ingested. It is always important to properly identify a fern before consuming it and to only consume small amounts of any unfamiliar plant.

Woman holding in her hands a mortar of medicinal herbs
Woman holding in her hands a mortar of medicinal herbs

Medicinal Ferns

In addition to being a source of food, some ferns have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. Here are a few examples of ferns with medicinal properties:

  • Maidenhair fern (Adiantum species): The leaves of the maidenhair fern have been used in traditional medicine to treat respiratory problems and as a diuretic.
  • Polypody fern (Polypodium species): The roots of the polypody fern have been used to treat wounds, and the plant has been used to support the immune system and promote healthy skin.
  • Lady fern (Athyrium species): Lady fern has been used in traditional medicine to treat diarrhea and other digestive problems, as well as to stop bleeding and reduce inflammation.

It is important to note that the medicinal properties of ferns have not been extensively studied, and it is always best to consult with a healthcare provider before using any plant for medicinal purposes.

Conclusion

In conclusion, while not all ferns are edible or have medicinal properties, some species do have the potential to be used as food or in traditional medicine.

It is important to properly identify a fern before consuming it and to consult with a healthcare provider before using any plant for medicinal purposes. Despite their delicate appearance, ferns are fascinating and versatile plants that have much to offer.